Gene Summary

Statistics of the functionally annotated genes

FeatureType Number
Gene number 33,366
Max gene length(bp) 75,902
Min gene length(bp) 200
Max cds length(bp) 13,896
Gene length(bp) 1,838/2,582
mRNA length(bp) 1,006/1,187
CDS length(bp) 720/935
Protein length (AA) 239/311
Exon length(bp) 154/244
Intron length(bp) 132/355
5' UTR length(bp) 86/154
3' UTR length(bp) 114/174
Exon number per transcript  3.0/4.9
Transcript number per gene  1.0/1.1

* Each number indicates the median/average


Pinku1 Genome sequence
Gene Anotation V2(with Gff,Gene,CDS sequence)
TRF Repeat Annotation
TE Repeat Annotation
Paralog Gene Family
Ortholog Gene Family
Pinku1 Genome sequence Ver.HERA
Pinku1 Genome Annotation Ver.HERA


Aug 20, 2018
– Upload the gene annotation for HERA assembly genome;

Jun 6, 2018

Aug 14, 2018
– Upload the genome assembly by HERA;

Jun 6, 2018
– Upload all files of gene annotation, TRF and TE repeat annotation, paralog and ortholog gene family;

August 31, 2017
– the paper published on Molecular Plant.

Introduction to Tartary Buckwheat Genome Project

   Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is an important pseudocereal crop that is strongly adapted to growth in adverse environments. Its gluten-free grain contains complete proteins with a well-balanced composition of essential amino acids, and is a rich source of beneficial phytochemicals that provide significant health benefits. Here we report a high-quality, chromosome-scale Tartary buckwheat genome sequence of 489.3 Mb that is assembled by combining whole genome shotgun sequencing of both Illumina short reads and single-molecule real time long reads, sequence tags of a large DNA insert fosmid library, Hi-C sequencing data and BioNano genome maps. We annotated 33 366 high confidence protein-coding genes based on expression evidence. Comparisons of the intra-genome with the sugar beet genome revealed an independent whole genome duplication that occurred in the buckwheat lineage after they have diverged from the common ancestor, which was not shared with rosids or asterids. The reference genome facilitated the identification of many new genes predicted to be involved in rutin biosynthesis and regulation, aluminum stress resistance, and in drought and cold stress responses. Our data suggests that Tartary buckwheat's ability to tolerate high levels of abiotic stress is attributed to the expansion of several gene families involved in signal transduction, gene regulation, and membrane transport. The availability of these genomic resources will facilitate the discovery of agronomically and nutritionally important genes and genetic improvement of Tartary buckwheat.

  This website provides genome sequence and gene annotation files of Tartary Buckwheat(Pinku1).

Basic genome statistics of Tartary Buckwheat

Chrome Length 
Ft1 68,031,765
Ft2 61,245,387
Ft3 57,706,077
Ft4 56,665,745
Ft5 53,883,329
Ft6 52,292,905
Ft7 51,555,820
Ft8 49,982,843
Sum 451,363,871


  • Lijun Zhang,Xiuxiu Li,Bin Ma,Qiang Gao,Huilong Du,Yuanhuai Han,Yan Li,Yinghao Cao,Ming Qi,Yaxin Zhu,Hongwei Lu,Mingchuan Ma,Longlong Liu,Jianping Zhou,Chenghu Nan,Yongjun Qin,Jun Wang,Lin Cui,Huimin Liu,Chengzhi Liang,Zhijun Qiao. The Tartary Buckwheat Genome Provides Insights into Rutin Biosynthesis and Abiotic Stress Tolerance. Molecular Plant. DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2017.08.013 .